Acute diarrhea in young dogs can be caused largely by pathogens such as Clostridium difficult and Clostridium perfringens, so it is important to know their mechanism and the role they trigger in the disease.
Clostridium in dogs Causes:
The bacteria that belong to the Clostridium species and that have the greatest impact within canine veterinary medicine are Clostridium difficult and Clostridium perfringens.
Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive bacillus that is normally found within the normal intestinal microbiota of dogs, specifically in newborn puppies. This pathogenic agent has the ability to release two types of toxins are those that produce the digestive clinical picture, differentiating between type A or enterotoxin toxin and type B or cytotoxic toxin.
Clostridium in dogs Symptoms:
The clinical signs that are evidenced are not pathognomonic of Clostridium infection, since it is characterized by nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms based on vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and loss of appetite. Clostridium perfringens is associated with the presence of acute hemorrhagic diarrhea, especially type A.
Clostridium in dogs diagnosis:
The diagnosis of the bacterium is nonspecific and ineffective, there are cases in which the way to diagnose the pathogen has had to be by necropsy once the animal has died.
Mainly, the diagnosis is based on a stool culture to produce the isolation of the bacteria. However, because it is an agent that makes up the normal intestinal flora of the pet, it does not have much diagnostic importance.